عنوان المقالة [English]
God revealed the Holy Qur’an to His Messenger Muhammad to guide people to facts and bring them out of darkness into light, and God has addressed people in it according to their perceptions, methods that attract them, and the means that move their feelings, and has taken various means and methods to reach his goals. Among the most important of his methods is the style of the story, as the story has a great impact on education, and it is one of the literary methods capable of developing virtues in the soul. The story occupies a wide area in the Holy Qur’an as it is considered one of the methods of reporting and education. The story in the Holy Qur’an does not come to define a single goal. Rather, it has many goals and multiple goals. This is why the Qur’anic story is one of the important tools that contribute to the education of man, and it works to achieve the goals that Islamic education seeks. One of the most important topics that occupied a large space in the Holy Qur’an, and he talked about it in many surahs and verses: Stories of the prophets and facts of the distant past. Because of the value of this topic, the Holy Qur’an attaches special importance to the story, as it is one of the means indicating the oneness of God Almighty and the proven power of God, the sincerity of the resurrection and the consequent reward or punishment, and the sincerity of its messengers and making it a strong pillar of the Islamic call. The Quranic story has its role in alerting people to the footsteps of Satan and his enemies, and it has its effect on achieving emotional education and moral virtues in a Muslim in a manner that provokes emotion, hope and fear of God Almighty. The stories of the Holy Qur’an are considered the best stories because they contain great wisdom and benefits, and achieve great goals. And the story of Noah is considered one of the Quranic stories full of educational methods.
This research aims to study the educational methods in the story of the Prophet Noah, through the descriptive-analytical approach. The results of the research indicate that Noah used different methods of calling, in a long perseverance, beautiful patience, and a noble effort that spanned a thousand years but fifty years, with the aim of persuading his people and influencing them, so that they would abandon falsehood and follow the truth, and in spite of all that he did not believe except for a few of his people, and God Almighty destroyed them because of their denial of their Prophet. In calling his people to God, he used various methods such as carrots, intimidation, endearment, compassion, challenge and dialogue. He used to take every opportunity to call his people to God, and used three levels in calling to God: aloud, openly, and secretly. Just as he was concerned with reforming his people, he was concerned with reforming future generations. The element of artistic photography in the story of Noah emerged as a method that leads to the achievement of the religious and educational purpose of the story.
Noah set aside several methods, perhaps any of them might be a reason for his people to enter the religion of God. He is a wise advocate who gave his people guidance and advice in a variety of ways. The diversity and diversity of educational methods is of great importance in the educational process and an interesting factor, and the difference in people's acceptance of educational methods reinforces the importance of their diversity. Just as he was concerned with reforming his people, he was concerned with reforming future generations. The story of Noah is one of the most repeated stories in the Holy Qur'an. Because it contains many lessons and sermons that benefit the Muslim person. And this story contained educational methods that are valid for man in every time and place. The story is one of the well-known and influential educational methods, and one of the most beloved graphic means to it, and it is a successful educational method in achieving the educational goals that Islamic education seeks to achieve in the soul; Therefore, the Holy Qur'an used it in human education. The ultimate purpose of telling the conditions of the past nations in the Holy Qur’an is educational. The Qur’anic stories contain an effective treatment for the religious, psychological and social diseases that humans suffer from, and God has made the conditions of the previous nations in the Holy Qur’an an example for those who consider it.
الكلمات الرئيسية [English]
مطالعه موردی داستان نوح (ع)
خداوند قرآن را بر حضرت محمد (ص) نازل کرد تا مردم را به حقايق رهنمون ساخته و آنها را از تاريکيها به سمت روشنايى سوق دهد. خداوند در قرآن مردم را با روشهای جذاب خطاب قرار داده است. از مهمترین روشهای قرآن، استفاده از داستان است؛ زیرا داستان تأثیر زیادی در تربیت داشته و یکی از شيوههای ادبیِ رشد دهنده فضایل در روح انسان است. داستان در قرآن جايگاه والايي دارد؛ زیرا یکی از روشهای تبليغ و تربيت به شمار میرود. داستان قرآني برای یک هدف واحد ارائه نشده، بلکه اهداف متعددی دارد. آن در تربیت انسان نقش داشته و در دستیابی به اهداف مورد نظر در تعلیم و تربیت اسلامی مؤثر است. داستانهای پیامبران از بزرگترین داستانهای قرآن است و داستان نوح (ع) از داستانهای قرآنیِ سرشار از روشهای تربیتی قلمداد میشود. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی داستان حضرت نوح (ع) از منظر تربيتي و از طریق رویکرد توصیفی- تحلیلی است. نتایج تحقیق نشان میدهد که نوح (ع) در دعوت مردم به خدا از روشهای مختلفی مانند ترغيب، ترهيب، محبت، دلسوزی، صبر، تحدي و گفتگو استفاده کرده است. عنصر آفرينش هنری در داستان نوح (ع)، به عنوان يک روش در دستیابی به هدف دينی و تربیتی نمايان گشته است.
کليدواژهها: قرآن کريم، تربيت، قصه، نوح (ع).