عنوان المقالة [English]
Contemporary Arab poets consciously linked to their past heritage and used it as one of the main sources to enrich their poetic experiences. They talk about the painful reality and the crisis moment that the Arab nation is going through at the present time to remind the nation of its bright past and its strong human civilization, hoping that it might inspire hope in its veins, to regain its civilized role, shake off the dust of humiliation, dishonor and backwardness, and assume its place among peoples.
This artistic employment gives the poetic image radiant and complex connotations, opening the text to broad horizons, as it is based on a philosophy with three intertwined pillars: the past, the present and the future. As for the artistic goal, it is to criticize reality, uncover it, revolt against it, and look to the future.
Among the poets whose heritage and personalities occupied a large place in their poetic texts is Tamim Al-Barghouti. Through his poetic images and symbols derived from the heritage, he was able to present a special vision of his contemporary reality, born of a deep understanding and awareness, and this vision was the one that controlled the selection of the elements of his images, symbols and heritage personalities, and in employing them to highlight this vision. So the purpose of poetry for Tamim Al-Barghouti is a cultural goal. It transcends the limits of time and space, and aimed at his images, symbols and figures inspired by heritage, to highlight this goal in which the past and the present embrace.
What prompted us to choose this topic and treat it in the poetry of Tamim al-Barghouti is the lack of studies and research conducted on the poet’s poetry, especially on the heritage figures summoned in the Divan of Maqam Iraq, and for this reason we chose the heritage personalities as the main focus of the research.
The importance of the research and its objectives: Hence, the study sheds light on one of the political issues that are stuck in the depths of the Arab and Islamic nation, which is the issue of the American occupation of Iraq. All Arab countries.
The study sought to evoke the thought of Barghouti by adopting his book entitled “Maqam Iraq” to reveal the extent of reliance on heritage in talking about the Iraqi issue and its implications.
By reviewing the Tamimi text and trying to probe its depths, it was possible to reveal the manifestation of the religious and literary heritage that captured the poet’s interest and made it the main pillar in building his creative text and his sense of the danger lurking on the shoulders of his nation, and through it he calls for a collective awakening to resist this threat looming over the nation, awakening them. Here, the vision emerges in Barghouti’s text by employing the heritage to carry a message to every Arab who refuses to submit to the power of the brutal enemy and is proud of his authentic heritage, which includes the victories of the first and their great glories.
The results of the study and review of the Divan of “Maqam Iraq” show that Tamim al-Barghouti was able to reinforce the Arab affiliation that carries an Islamic character. The political aspect was clear in the colors of these poetic images, a reflection of his specialization in political science.
Al-Barghouti excelled in summoning the heritage figures in his long poem “Maqam Iraq” due to his deep knowledge of the Arab and Islamic heritage. The poet was able to draw interactive poetic and emotional images based on belief in the principle and values that represent the culture of Arab and Islamic societies in the face of injustice and aggression against them.
The poet used religious traditions such as the character of the Prophet (PBUH), verses of the Holy Quran and Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH), Islamic symbols such as the Crescent and Muharram, and literary heritage such as Al-Mutanabi, Bashar bin Barad and Al-Hallaj, and mythical heritage such as the Phoenix to narrate the events of the occupation, and in this regard, the main task and purpose of recalling all these legacies by this poet are to awaken the Iraqi people and the Arab nation, to call for resistance, to confront the occupiers, and to unify the Arab Islamic nation.
الكلمات الرئيسية [English]
فراخوانی شخصیتهای تاریخی در شعر تمیم البرغوثی
مطالعه موردی دیوان مقام عراق
ابوالحسن امین مقدسی
شاعران معاصر عرب با درک آگاهانه از میراث گذشته خود با آن پیوند برقرار نموده و از این میراثها به عنوان یکی از منابع اصلی برای غنا بخشیدن به تجارب شعری خود استفاده کردند. از ميان شاعران معاصر تمیم البرغوثی با فراخوانی شخصیتهای تاریخی، از این شخصیتها در اشعار خود بهره برده است. در این پژوهش توصیفی - تحلیلی تلاش شده است، شخصیت ها و نمادهای تاریخی که برغوثی برای به تصویر کشیدن حادثه اشغال عراق از آنها بهره برده معرفی شوند. برغوثی در دیوان مقام عراق با فراخوانی نمادها و شخصیتهای تاریخی سعی نموده از طریق ارتباط میان نشانههای تاریخی یک نماد و نشانه معاصر آن به دیدگاه شعری خود عمق ببخشد. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که برجستهترین شخصیتها و نمادهایی که شاعر در این دیوان به کارگرفته است، شخصیتهای شعری همچون متنبی،بشاربن برد، فرزدق، حلاج و شخصیتهای دینی همچون پیامبر اکرم (ص) و امام حسین(ع) است و این شخصیتها با دارا بودن عمق و برجستگی به تجربه شاعر در به تصویر کشیدن نقصها و قصور و نقد واقعیت کمک می کند.
کلید واژهها: فراخوانی میراث، میراث ادبی، میراث دینی، مقام عراق، تمیم البرغوثی